Sunday School Lessons
Mrs. Daisy B. Scott - Superintendent
(Updated August 21, 2019)

Sunday School classes start at 9:30 AM every Sunday.

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The lesson segments include a synopsis of the lesson and a link to where the reference Scripture will be played in audio and displayed on the screen.  If your computer cannot play the file, download a free copy of RealPlayer at the site. Also in each lesson segment will be a link to the New Living Translation version of the reference Scripture. This version is easier to understand than some of the other translations.

August 4 – A Covenant Between Friends

Alternate Title – A Promise Between Friends

Bible Lesson: 1 Samuel 18:1-5; 19:1-7 (KJV)

Key verses:
1 Samuel 18:1 (KJV) - "And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul."

What we shall learn from the lesson Scripture:
(Pop-up references come from The New Living Translation courtesy of

Samuel had already told Saul that he would lose his kingship and another would take his place. (1 Samuel 13:14). This was done when David was still a young and obscure shepherd boy.

When David killed Goliath, he was not obscure anymore. He was brought to King Saul; still holding Goliath's head in his hand (1 Samuel 17:57.) After leaving Saul, David met his son, Jonathan. We can only imagine the admiration Jonathan had for David's brave act of going against the giant warrior Goliath.

Jonathan was also successful in battle (1 Samuel 13:3) and had taken a great personal risk when he and his armor-bearer attacked a Philistine outpost by themselves (1 Samuel 14:1-23).

Perhaps Jonathan and David saw in each other similar attributes such as faith in God, fearlessness in battle, and youth. But regardless of the reasons, their friendship was immediate and sincere (1 Samuel 18:1). Jonathan sealed the pact of friendship by giving David his robe, tunic, sword, bow, and belt. (1 Samuel 18:3-4). Thus a covenant was established between thema covenant of friendship.

Jonathan was the crown princethe next in line to be king after Saul. But this would not happen if God replaced Saul with David. That made David a rival for the throne but even this did not deter the friendship between Jonathan and David.

Because David was so well thought of by the people, Saul became jealous of David (1 Samuel 18:8-9). Eventually, he saw David as a rival and sought to kill him. But Jonathan protected David by coming to his defense with his father Saul (1 Samuel 19:6-7). When Saul's promised to spare David eventually fell through, it was Jonathan who warned David to escape Saul's plot to kill him (1 Samuel 20:22).

Sometimes a friendship can be used in God's plan for us. A true friend will tell us when we are doing right and when we a doing wrong. A true friend will stand by us in a time of need. Jonathan stood by David in a desperate time of need even though his father wanted to kill David. The greatest sign of friendship is if we are willing to lay our life down for a friend (John 15:13) as Jesus did for us.

The Bible lesson link (at the beginning of the lesson) is for the King James Version. You may also wish to read the New Living Translation Bible Version of 1 Samuel 18:1-5; 19:1-7 .

The key verse: 1 Samuel 18:1 (NLT) - "After David had finished talking with Saul, he met Jonathan, the king's son. There was an immediate bond between them, for Jonathan loved David."

August 11 – A Mother-Daughter Covenant

Alternate Title – A Mother-Daughter Promise

Bible Lesson: Ruth 1:6-11, 14-18 (KJV)

Key verse:
Ruth 1:16(KJV) - "And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: "

What we shall learn from the lesson Scripture:
(Pop-up references come from The New Living Translation courtesy of

Elimelech, his wife Naomi, and their two sons were Israelites from the tribe of Judah. In an attempt to escape a famine in their area, they sojourned (to move temporarily) to the pagan country of Moab (Ruth 1:1 KJV). But Elimelech soon died, leaving Naomi and her two sons (Ruth 1:3) alone.

After they had lived there about 10 years, her two sons married Moab women giving Naomi two daughters-in-lawRuth and Orpah (Ruth 1:4). Unfortunately, both sons also died, leaving Naomi, Ruth, and Orpah alone (Ruth 1:5).

When Naomi heard things had gotten better in her home country Judah, she decided to go back there. She and her two daughters-in-law had started on the road back to Judah when Naomi encouraged Ruth and Orpah to return to their families in Moab where perhaps they could find new husbands (Ruth 1:9).

Even though both Ruth and Orpah tried to convince Naomi otherwise, Ruth was the one who wouldn't take no for an answer and decided to continue on to Judah with her. Even though obviously Ruth loved Naomi greatly, it still took a certain amount of courage to leave Moab, her home country, and go to a foreign area and to an uncertain future.

Ruth made a covenant with Naomi that she would go willingly and unconditionally with Naomi and be there for the rest of her life (Ruth 1:17). A covenant is a promise but one which is much stronger, more binding, and given in a solemn and sober manner. Often times, a covenant is open-ended and is given in love as opposed to a legally binding contract. We can say that breaking a promise often times is not a big deal whereas breaking a covenant is definitely a big deal.

Obviously, Naomi loved Ruth and would undoubtedly like to have her company on the trip to Judah and also as she resettled in her old home country. But Naomi was willing to give up her personal comfort for the good of Ruth's future. Oftentimes, we can receive the most committed love by also showing commitment and sacrifice to the other.

The Bible lesson link (at the beginning of the lesson) is for the King James Version. You may also wish to read the New Living Translation Bible Version of Ruth 1:6-11, 14-18.

The key verse: Ruth 1:16 (NLT) - "But Ruth replied, "Don't ask me to leave you and turn back. Wherever you go, I will go; wherever you live, I will live. Your people will be my people, and your God will be my God. "

August 18 – A Covenant to Marry

Bible Lesson: Ruth 3:1-6, 8-12, 16-18 (KJV)

Key verse:
Ruth 3:10 (KJV) - "And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich."

What we shall learn from the lesson Scripture:
(Pop-up references come from The New Living Translation courtesy of

From a worldly perspective, the story of Ruth, Naomi, and Boaz could be viewed as two widow women trying to survive under unfavorable circumstances. But when we discover that the circumstances surrounding Ruth and Naomi ended with Ruth and Boaz being in the genealogy of Jesus, it takes on a spiritually significant perspective.

The genealogy of Jesus gives us some insight into who is welcomed into the body of Christ. The history of the people in this genealogy indicates we do not have to be of any particular heritage to gain the grace and mercy of God.

Let's look at two examples which have a bearing on today's lesson. Boaz was the son of the prostitute Rahab who was instrumental in the Israelite conquest of Jericho. She was a Gentile. Rahab's name is in the genealogy of Jesus in the same verse in which Ruth's name is mentioned (Matthew 1:5). Ruth was a Moabite. These are two of only five women mentioned in Matthew's accounting of the genealogy of Jesus.

We can learn from Ruth and Naomi that even if we are tempted to give up on our future, we should never lose faith, hope, and trust in the Lord. Just as Ruth remained loyal and obedient to Naomi, we too should remain loyal and obedient to the Lord. This story emphasizes the importance of faith, humility, and being kind to others. The elements of this story teach us Christian values and how to remain faithful to each other and to God.

As part of our discussion of this story, let us first review what has happened in the life of Ruth before our reference text begins.

Naomi's family left Judah (due to a famine) and sojourned to Moab in search of better living conditions. This was a foreign land in which many of its inhabitants worshipped idol gods. The cards seemed to be stacked against Naomi when her husband died as well as both her sons leaving her alone with her two daughters-in-law who were Moabite women.

Naomi decided to go back to her native land of Judah, and Ruth insisted on going back with her. Ruth gave up the option of living in her Moabite homeland with her native family and declared her loyalty to her mother-in-law and to the God of Israelthe one and only true God who Naomi worshipped.

In the culture of Naomi's time and heritage, widow women such as herself and her daughter-in-law were in a sad predicament. Without a man to support them, they were destined for a life of poverty and difficulty just to find sustenance.

In our country today, a woman does not have to depend on a man to support her. Women have fought for and won the right to be successful in the business world alongside men. But this was not the case for Naomi and Ruth or other women of their time and place.

But finding a husband took a back seat to mere survival. The two of them needed food to live. Since it was harvest time, Ruth took the initiative to ask Naomi if she could go into the fields to gather leftover grain behind anyone who will let her do so (Ruth 2:2). She would do this so they could have something to eat.

It was the custom of that day that the harvesters would leave some grain in the field for the poor to gather (Leviticus 23:22). This is what Ruth would be doing. By doing so, Ruth and Naomi would be publicizing their state of poverty among people of Naomi's hometown.

We never know what mechanism the Lord will use to bless us when we do what is pleasing in His sight. Working in the fields and declaring poverty, as Ruth did, would probably be very embarrassing to all of us. Faced with similar circumstances, some people of today resort to illegal activities to make ends meet.

But Ruth and Naomi did what was legal and did not bring shame to their names. Ruth was rewarded with meeting Boazher future husbandwhile she worked in the fields. He owned a segment of the fields in which she was gleaning the grain (Ruth 2:3).

Boaz took notice of the unfamiliar young woman working in his field (Ruth 2:5) and was told she was there to glean grain (which means to gather whatever portion of a crop the harvesters had intentionally or unintentionally left behind). Boaz was told she was a hard worker and was the Moabite woman who had been so loyal and kind to Naomi (Ruth 2:6-7).

He went over to speak to her (Ruth 2:8) and invited her to work exclusively in his field and to feel free to get water from the resources his workers were using when they became thirsty. He also pledged she would be safe among the young men (Ruth 2:9) and could work there until the harvest season was over (Ruth 2:21).

He invited her to share a meal with the other workers (Ruth 2:14). He gave her more food than she could eat (Ruth 2:14). He also ordered his men to give her far more of the harvest than she would have gleaned on her own (2:15-16). So she continued to work in those fields until the Harvest season was over and continued to live with her mother-in-law through the whole time (Ruth 2:23).

Some women would have been tempted to do other things, not so honorable, to gain additional support from Boaz or the other men who worked in the fields with her. But Ruth acted with integrity.

Ruth had shown the admirable traits of loyalty, kindness, integrity, humility, and a willingness to work. These were all good qualities for a wife. On the other hand, Boaz had shown the traits of generosity, compassion, and a willingness and ability to provide for her and Naomi. These were good qualities for a husband. The stage was now set for possible marriage between the two and this is where our reference Scripture begins.

Naomi wanted a good life for Ruth; who had been so loyal to her. She pledged to Ruth that she would find a good home for her (meaning a husband) where she would be well-provided for (Ruth 3:1). Naomi undoubtedly considered Boaz as an excellent husband prospect for Ruth. Not only was he wealthy and had been unusually kind to Ruth, but he was also one of their family redeemers since he was a relative of Ruth's dead father-in-law (Naomi's husband), Elimelech.

A family redeemer was a family member who could settle the debt of an Israelite who had become so poor that his/her land had to be sold. The redeemer (a family member) could buy back the land (redeem it) and keep it in the family (Leviticus 25:25). Naomi had no doubt reached that point of need (Ruth 4:3).

Naomi thought it was time to move the relationship between Ruth and Boaz to a higher level. Her knowledge of the customs and laws of the day would be used in an attempt to get Ruth married to Boazas a family redeemer. This marriage would solve the financial problems of both Ruth and herself. Even though Ruth was not a blood relative, she was considered part of Naomi's family.

Naomi told Ruth what to do to demonstrate to Boaz that she was available as a wife. She told her to bathe and put on perfume and her best clothes and go to where Boaz would be resting in the workplace that night after eating and drinking. She was to then to uncover his feet and lie down.

Ruth trusted Naomi and did not object to any of her instructions. In the middle of the night, Boaz was surprised to see a woman lying at his feet (Ruth 3:8). At first, he did not know who she was. We don't know exactly why he didn't know who she was. Perhaps it was too dark for him to see well, or maybe it was because she looked so much better dressed up than she looked while working in the fields.

In any case, once she told him who she was, she presented herself, in effect, as ready to be his wife and for him to redeem her family. She indicated this as her intent by asking him to spread the corner of his garment over her (Ruth 3:9). Even though he had to work out some details, he agreed to what she was asking (Ruth 3:11-12).

This might seem like an odd way of proposing marriage and asking a man to save a family from financial ruin but it was the custom of the day. We have some rather strange customs also when it comes to marriage. An example is "jumping the broom" which is popular at some African-American weddings. Carrying the bride over the threshold is another custom which serves very little purpose.

By marrying Ruth as the family redeemer, Boaz would in effect take the place of Ruth's dead husband in that the first son of this union would carry on the name of her dead husband (the son of Elimelech). Therefore, the family name of Elimelech would not die. This was Jewish law and was in the spirit of Deuteronomy 25:6.

Now on to the end of the story. We know Ruth and Boaz were married and had a son by the name of Obed. He would be the father of Jesse who was the father of King David (ancestor of Jesus). Ruth is one of the few women mentioned in the book of Matthew as being in the lineage of Jesus (Matthew 1:5).

If Ruth had not pledged her loyalty to Naomi and returned to Judah with her, she would not have become a convert to worship the God of Israel - the one and only true God. Without going to Judah, Ruth would have not married Boaz and Obed would have not been born. We must believe that God had a hand in the whole story of Naomi, Ruth, and Boaz.

Their story is symbolic to the redemption of believers. As Christians, we have Jesus Christ as our redeemer. He redeemed us by paying for our sin debt through His sacrifice on the cross. He freed us from the consequences of sin.

The Bible lesson link (at the beginning of the lesson) is for the King James Version. You may also wish to read the New Living Translation Bible Version of Ruth 3:1-6, 8-12, 16-18.

The key verse: Ruth 3:10 (NLT) - "'The LORD bless you, my daughter!' Boaz exclaimed. "You are showing even more family loyalty now than you did before, for you have not gone after a younger man, whether rich or poor."

August 25 – Marriage: A Covenant of Mutual Love

Alternate Title #1 – A Covenant of Love

Alternate Title #2 – Parents That Love Each Other

Bible Lesson: Ephesians 5:21-33 (KJV)

Key verse:
Ephesians 5:21 (KJV) - " Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God. "

What we shall learn from the lesson Scripture:
(Pop-up references come from The New Living Translation courtesy of

A marriage based on Christian concepts in Ephesians should be considered a forever proposition; a true covenant based on love and respect. When a couple marries, traditionally, they exchange what should be forever sacred vows to love and honor each other. They should become a unified team that acts as one under the influence and guidance of the Holy Spirit.

In many ways, our whole society functions from the concept of there being a team leader. Whether at work, on the athletic field, or in the military there is always someone who has to assume the leadership role. Otherwise, we chance there will be chaos, confusion, and disunity.

In that regard, Paul said in effect the husband is the team leader of the marriage (Ephesians 5:23). But leadership comes with responsibilities. Often times, the husband is not willing to or doesn't want to accept his responsibilities. One such responsibility is treating his wife in a loving way and living up to his pledge of loyalty and devotion to her. He should love her as Christ loved the Church for which he gave His life (Ephesians 5:25).

The husband should also take a religious leadership role. He should encourage his wife and family to attend church with him and for them to worship the Lord together. All too often this is not the case which may explain why in many cases (if not most cases) we often see the majority of those attending a Christian church worship service are women.

On the other hand, the wife also has responsibilities. She should respect the husband's position as her leader and be submissive to him. This does not mean she has to accept everything he declares without question. But she does have to respect his position as the leader.

In the culture of today, the idea that a wife should submit to her husband has come under attack. Some people consider marriage as a joining of two equals with neither being the resultant leader. This is not what the Bible says (Ephesians 5:22).

The husband and the wife both have responsibilities in the marriage. In that regard, they must submit to each other (Ephesians 5:21); the man through loving his wife, and the wife through showing reverence to her husband (Ephesians 5:33).

The Bible lesson link (at the beginning of the lesson) is for the King James Version. You may also wish to read the New Living Translation Bible Version of Ephesians 5:21-33.

The key verse: Ephesians 5:21 (NLT) - "And further, submit to one another out of reverence for Christ."

September 1 – Faithful During Distress

Bible Lesson: Genesis 19:1, 4-5, 15-26, 29 (KJV)

Key verses:
Genesis 19:29 (KJV) - "And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt."

What we shall learn from the lesson Scripture:
(Pop-up references come from The New Living Translation courtesy of

In this lesson, the Lord was on the verge of destroying the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah but God wanted to spare Lot and his family who lived in Sodom. Two angels and the Lord had visited with Abraham and told him of their concerns about the depravity of the cities (Genesis 18:20). The Lord remained with Abraham for a while the two angels proceeded to Sodom (Genesis 18:22).

Lot (Abraham's nephew) was at the gate of the city when two angels arrived. He convinced them to spend the night in his house. There is no indication that Lot knew at this moment these were angels. We can speculate that he wanted them to stay in his house that night for fear of what might happen to them in this depraved city if they stayed elsewhere.

Later that evening, a mob of men from all over the city came to Lot's house and demanded he turn the two visitors over to them so they could fulfill their sinful carnal desires with them (Genesis 19:5). When Lot went outside his house to try to reason with them, they proceeded to attempt to force their way into the house where the two men were.

This is when the two men revealed their angelic status by striking the men with blindness and pulling Lot back inside the house (Genesis 19:10-11). They then told him they had been sent by the Lord to destroy the city (Genesis 19:13).

The next morning they told Lot he and his family had to hurray and leave or be consumed in the destruction of the city (Genesis 19:17). Lot hesitated and they had to physically grab hold to his hand and the hands of his wife and daughters and rushed them out of the city (Genesis 19:16).

No doubt, when he left the city in such a rush he and his family were surrendering much of their worldly possessions. They were also leaving behind any friends they had made and their status in the community.

Surely Lot already knew of the great sins of Sodom, but yet he stayed in the midst of the moral corruption. Likewise, many of us knowingly live in and around sin but have a real and powerful hesitation to leave it all behind us for the sake of the Lord. We hang onto the sinful aspects of our present life because Satan has infested our moral consciousness. We have become used to illicit affairs, gossip, and using our money for personal benefit instead of for the benefit of the church.

One day, all of the worldly existence will be destroyed. If we ignore the urging of the Lord to leave it all behind, we may end up being destroyed along with it. Lot's wife "looked back" at the city and was turned into a pillar of salt. This is symbolic for her longing for her old existence and life as well as her possessions which had to be all left behind. We must leave our sinful ways behind and not long for that part of our past.

The Bible lesson link (at the beginning of the lesson) is for the King James Version. You may also wish to read the New Living Translation Bible Version of Genesis 19:1, 4-5, 15-26, 29.

The key verse: Genesis 19:29 (NLT) - "But God had listened to Abraham's request and kept Lot safe, removing him from the disaster that engulfed the cities on the plain."

September 8 – Faithful During Grief

Bible Lesson: 1 Samuel 1:9-20 (KJV)

Key verse:
1 Samuel 1:17 (KJV) - "Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him."

What we shall learn from the lesson Scripture:
(Pop-up references come from The New Living Translation courtesy of

Countless people suffer from depression and heartache caused by a myriad of reasons. It can be a nagging source of pain from the beginning of a new day until its end. Financial difficulties and relationship problems are common causes but many times such problems have an attainable solution. A new job, a loan from a friend, filing for bankruptcy, or working out the root relationship problems may bring joy and reduce or alleviate the pain.

However, when we speak of grief, it reflects a deeper source of depression which often results from problems of which we have no control and no solution. To lose a loved one to death can cause grief. We have no solution to the root cause of this situation because we cannot bring the person back to life. We can only suffer through the aftermath.

Hannah was in a place of grief because she had not been able to bear a son with her husband, Elkanah, even though he made it plain to her that he still loved her (1 Samuel 1:8). But Elkanah had another wife, Peninnah, who made it a point to taunt Hannah and made fun of her because she had no children (1 Samuel 1:6).

Many of us have experienced situations when we were children in a school where someone makes fun of us for one reason or another. This unfortunately includes the type of bullying which has driven some children to commit suicide.

Often times when we get to the downward point of experiencing grief, we choose that time to turn to the Lord for help. We go to the Lord in prayer and ask for His divine help and intervention to get us through this difficult time or grief. This is often the time we ask Him for a miracle to save a life or relationship, or to save us from the overwhelming pain we are experiencing.

One day, while at the Tabernacle, Hannah was in such a place of hurt and was crying bitterly as she prayed to the Lord (1 Samuel 1:10). In her prayer, she promised, if only she was granted a son, she would dedicate him to the service of the Lord for his entire life (1 Samuel 1:11).

She was crying so fervently, that the High Priest Eli thought she might have been drinking wine and was drunk (1 Samuel 1:14). But once she told him she was crying out of anguish and sorrow, he had compassion on her and blessed her. His blessing was that God would grant her request (1 Samuel 1:17).

Hearing such a blessing from the High Priest himself gave her such confidence that her problem would be solved that her sadness left her (1 Samuel 1:18). It was almost like Eli's words of comfort and promise had come directly from the Lord.

The Lord wants us to come to Him in prayer when we have a need regardless if it is small or great. Asking the Lord for help is an acknowledgment He is the One who has control of all events and can grant us any request which is in His will. Therefore prayer is a form of worship. We have all heard some senior church member say to "just put it in the hands of the Lord and He will work it out."

Not only did the Lord "work it out" for Hannah, the son He granted her was Samuel who became one of the most significant characters in the Old Testament. The book in the Bible we are now studying bears his name. The Lord can bless in ways we never dreamed of, but we must not lose faith in Him especially in times of sorrow and grief and when there seems to be no solution for our problems.

The Bible lesson link (at the beginning of the lesson) is for the King James Version. You may also wish to read the New Living Translation Bible Version of 1 Samuel 1:9-20.

The key verse: 1 Samuel 1:17 (NLT) - "In that case," Eli said, "go in peace! May the God of Israel grant the request you have asked of him."

For access to all chapters of the King James Version Bible in audio and visual formats, visit the web site.

For other versions (NIV, New Living Translation, etc.) of the Bible in audio and visual formats, visit the World Wide Study Bible page of Christian Classics Eternal Library site. Also visit the New Living Translation web site.

Some information on this page may be referenced from the NLT Study Bible, the Standard Lesson Commentary, and Commentary by David Guzik. Frederick L. Marsh is the commentary author of the information contained in this page. He is the author of the book: "The Book of the Holy Spirit: Joyful living." The opinions expressed on this page are his alone.

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